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Trail: Deployment
Lesson: Java Applets
Section: Doing More With Applets
Developing Draggable Applets
Home Page > Deployment > Java Applets

Developing Draggable Applets

A Java applet that is deployed by specifying the draggable parameter can be dragged outside of the browser and dynamically transformed into a Java Web Start application. The Java applet can be dragged by pressing the Alt key and the left mouse button and dragging the mouse. When the drag operation begins, the applet is removed from its parent container (Applet or JApplet) and placed in a new undecorated top-level window (Frame or JFrame). A small floating Close button is displayed next to the dragged applet. When the floating Close button is clicked, the applet is placed back in the browser. Java applets that can be dragged out of the browser shall henceforth be referred to as draggable applets.

You can customize the behavior of a draggable applet in the following ways:

The following sections describe how to implement and customize a draggable applet. The MenuChooserApplet class is used to demonstrate the development and deployment of draggable applets. Open AppletPage.html in a browser to view the Menu Chooser applet on a new page.

Note: If you don't see the applet running, you need to install at least the Java SE Development Kit (JDK) 6 update 10 release.

Note: If you don't see the example running, you might need to enable the JavaScript interpreter in your browser so that the Deployment Toolkit script can function properly.

Enabling the Capability to Drag an Applet

You can enable the capability to drag an applet by setting the draggable parameter to true when deploying the applet, as shown in the following code snippet:

<script src="http://www.java.com/js/deployJava.js"></script>
    var attributes = { code:'MenuChooserApplet', width:900, height:300 };
    var parameters = {jnlp_href: 'draggableapplet.jnlp', draggable: 'true'} ;
    deployJava.runApplet(attributes, parameters, '1.6');

Changing the Keystroke and Mouse Button Sequence That Is Used to Drag an Applet

You can change the keystroke and mouse button sequence that is used to drag an applet by implementing the isAppletDragStart method. In the following code snippet, the applet can be dragged by pressing the left mouse button and dragging the mouse:

 public boolean isAppletDragStart(MouseEvent e) {
        if(e.getID() == MouseEvent.MOUSE_DRAGGED) {
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;

Enabling the Addition of a Desktop Shortcut When the Applet Is Disconnected From the Browser

If the user closes the browser window or navigates away from the page after dragging an applet outside of the page, the applet is said to be disconnected from the browser. You can create a desktop shortcut for the applet when the applet is disconnected from the browser. The desktop shortcut can be used to launch the application outside of the browser. To enable the creation of a desktop shortcut, add the offline-allowed and shortcut tags to the applet's Java Network Launch Protocol (JNLP) file.

    <offline-allowed />
    <shortcut online="false">
        <desktop />

Note: Depending on the setting for Shortcut Creation in the user's Java Control Panel, the user might be prompted for confirmation before the shortcut is created.

Defining How the Applet Should Be Closed

You can define how your applet can be closed. For example, your Swing applet could have a JButton to close the applet instead of relying on the default floating Close button.

The Java Plug-in software gives the applet an instance of the ActionListener class. This instance of the ActionListener class, also referred to as the close listener, can be used to modify the default close behavior of the applet.

To define how the applet should be closed, implement the setAppletCloseListener and appletRestored methods in your applet.

In the following code snippet, the MenuChooserApplet class receives the close listener and passes it on to the instance of the MenuItemChooser class:

MenuItemChooser display = null;
display = new MenuItemChooser();
public void setAppletCloseListener(ActionListener cl) {

public void appletRestored() {

The MenuItemChooser class is responsible for controlling the applet's user interface. The MenuItemChooser class defines a JButton labeled "Close." The following code is executed when the user clicks this Close button:

private void close() {
    // invoke actionPerformed of closeListener received from
    // the Java Plug-in software.
    if (closeListener != null) {

Requesting and Customizing Applet Decoration

Beginning in the Java SE 7 release, when deploying an applet, you can specify that the window of dragged applet should be decorated with the default or customized window title.

To enable window decoration of a dragged applet, specify the java_decorated_frame parameter with a value of "true". To enable a customized window title, specify the java_applet_title parameter also. The value of this parameter should be the text of the window title.

<script src="http://www.java.com/js/deployJava.js"></script>
    var attributes = { code:'SomeDraggableApplet', width:100, height:100 };
    var parameters = {jnlp_href: 'somedraggableapplet.jnlp', 
                        java_decorated_frame: 'true',
                        java_applet_title: 'A Custom Title'   
                     } ;
    deployJava.runApplet(attributes, parameters, '1.7');
The java_decorated_frame and java_applet_title parameters can also be specified in the applet's JNLP file as shown in the following code snippet:
<applet-desc main-class="SayHello" name="main test" height="150" width="300">
    <param name="java_decorated_frame" value="true" />
    <param name="java_applet_title" value="" />

Download source code for the Draggable Applet example to experiment further.

Problems with the examples? Try Compiling and Running the Examples: FAQs.
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