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Trail: Deployment
Lesson: Java Applets
Section: Doing More With Applets
Displaying a Customized Loading Progress Indicator
Home Page > Deployment > Java Applets

Displaying a Customized Loading Progress Indicator

A Java applet can display a customized loading progress indicator that shows the progress of download of the applet's resources as well as other applet specific data..

Consider the Weather applet and the CustomProgress class to understand how to implement a customized loading progress indicator for a Java applet. For the purpose of demonstrating a large and prolonged download, this applet's JAR file has been artifically inflated and the customprogress-applet.jnlp file specifies additional JAR files as resources.

Developing a Customized Loading Progress Indicator

To develop a customized loading progress indicator for your applet, create a class that implements the DownloadServiceListener interface.

The constructor of the loading progress indicator class will vary depending on how the UI should be displayed and the capabilities needed by the class. The following guidelines should be applied:

import javax.jnlp.DownloadServiceListener;
import java.awt.Container;
import java.applet.AppletStub;
import netscape.javascript.*;
public class CustomProgress implements DownloadServiceListener {   
    Container surfaceContainer = null;
    AppletStub appletStub = null;
    JProgressBar progressBar = null;
    JLabel statusLabel = null;
    boolean uiCreated = false;

    public CustomProgress(Object surface) {
       init(surface, null);

    public CustomProgress(Object surface, Object stub) {
        init(surface, stub);

    public void init(Object surface, Object stub) {
        try {
            surfaceContainer = (Container) surface;
            appletStub = (AppletStub) stub;
        } catch (ClassCastException cce) {

The following code snippet shows how to build the UI for the loading progress indicator. Use the instance of the java.applet.AppletStub class to retrieve the applet's parameters. Invoke the JSObject.getWindow(null) method to obtain a reference to the applet's parent web page and invoke JavaScript code on that page.

private void create() {
    JPanel top = createComponents();
    if (surfaceContainer != null) {
        // lay out loading progress UI in the given Container
        surfaceContainer.add(top, BorderLayout.NORTH);
private JPanel createComponents() {
    JPanel top = new JPanel();
    // get applet parameter using an instance of the AppletStub class
    // "tagLine" parameter specified in applet's JNLP file
    String tagLine = "";
    if (appletStub != null) {
        tagLine = appletStub.getParameter("tagLine");
    String lblText = "<html><font color=red size=+2>JDK Documentation</font><br/>" +
                        tagLine + " <br/></html>";
    JLabel lbl = new JLabel(lblText);
    top.add(lbl, BorderLayout.NORTH);

    // use JSObject.getWindow(null) method to retrieve a reference to 
    // the web page and make JavaScript calls. Duke logo displayed if 
    // displayLogo variable set to "true" in the web page
    String displayLogo = "false";    
    JSObject window = JSObject.getWindow(null);        
    if (window != null) {
        displayLogo = (String)window.getMember("displayLogo");
    if (displayLogo.equals("true")) {
        lbl = new JLabel();
        ImageIcon logo = createImageIcon("images/DukeWave.gif", "logo");
        top.add(lbl, BorderLayout.EAST);

    statusLabel = new JLabel("html><font color=green size=-2>Loading applet...</font></html>");
    top.add(statusLabel, BorderLayout.CENTER);

    // progress bar displays progress
    progressBar = new JProgressBar(0, 100);
    top.add(progressBar, BorderLayout.SOUTH);

    return top;

Create and update the progress indicator in the following methods based on the overallPercent argument. These methods are invoked regularly by the Java Plug-in software to communicate progress of the applet's download. Java Plug-in software will always send a message when download and validation of resources is 100% complete.

public void progress(URL url, String version, long readSoFar,
                     long total, int overallPercent) {        
    // check progress of download and update display


public void upgradingArchive(java.net.URL url,
                  java.lang.String version,
                  int patchPercent,
                  int overallPercent) {

public void validating(java.net.URL url,
            java.lang.String version,
            long entry,
            long total,
            int overallPercent) {

private void updateProgressUI(int overallPercent) {
    if (!uiCreated && overallPercent > 0 && overallPercent < 100) {
        // create custom progress indicator's UI only if 
        // there is more work to do, meaning overallPercent > 0 and < 100
        // this prevents flashing when RIA is loaded from cache
        uiCreated = true;            
    if (uiCreated) {

Compile the loading progress indicator class and build a JAR file with all the resources needed to display the loading progress indicator. Include the following JAR files in your classpath to enable compilation:

The loading progress indicator class is now ready for use. The next step is to specify this loading progress indicator JAR file as your applet's loading progress indicator.

Specifying a Loading Progress Indicator for an Applet

To specify a customized loading progress indicator for an applet, include the following information in the applet's JNLP file:

The following code snippet from the customprogress-applet.jnlp file displays the usage of the download="progress" and progress-class attributes.
<jnlp spec="1.0+" codebase="http://download.oracle.com/javase/tutorial/deployment" href="">
    <jar href="applet/examples/dist/applet_AppletWithCustomProgressIndicator" main="true" />    
    <jar href="applet/examples/dist/applet_CustomProgressIndicator/applet_CustomProgressIndicator.jar" 
            download="progress" />
     <param name="tagLine" value="Information straight from the horse's mouth!"/>

Deploy the applet in a web page. Open AppletPage.html in a web browser to view the loading progress indicator for the Weather applet.

Note: To view the example properly, you need to install at least the Java SE Development Kit (JDK) 6 update 21 release.

Note:  If you have viewed this applet before, clear your cache by using the Java Control Panel before viewing the applet again. You will not be able to see a progress indicator for a previously cached applet.

Note: If you don't see the example running, you might need to enable the JavaScript interpreter in your browser so that the Deployment Toolkit script can function properly.

Integrating the Loading Progress Indicator With Applet UI

You can also integrate the loading progress indicator into the applet's UI. Open AppletPage.html in a web browser to view the loading progress indicator integrated into the Weather applet's UI. View the IntegratedProgressIndicator.java class and the inline comments for more information.

Download source code for the following examples to experiment further:

See the Customizing the Loading Experience topic for more information about customizing the rich Internet application (RIA) loading experience.

Problems with the examples? Try Compiling and Running the Examples: FAQs.
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