Packages within JAR files can be optionally sealed, which means
that all classes defined in that package must be archived in the same JAR file. You might want to seal a package, for example, to ensure
version consistency among the classes in your software.
You seal a package in a JAR file by adding the Sealed header in the manifest, which has the general form:
The value myCompany/myPackage/
is the name of the package to seal.
Note that the package name must end with a "/".
We want to seal two packages firstPackage
in the JAR file MyJar.jar
We first create a text file named Manifest.txt with the following contents:
The text file must end with a new line or carriage return.
The last line will not be parsed properly if it does not
end with a new line or carriage return.
We then create a JAR file named MyJar.jar
by entering the following command:
jar cmf MyJar.jar Manifest.txt MyPackage/*.class
This creates the JAR file with a manifest with the following contents:
Created-By: 1.6.0 (Sun Microsystems Inc.)
Sealing JAR Files
If you want to guarantee that all classes in a package come from the same code source, use JAR sealing. A sealed JAR specifies that all packages defined by that JAR are sealed unless overridden on a per-package basis.
To seal a jar file, use the Sealed manifest header with the value true. For example,
specifies that all packages in this archive are sealed unless explicitly
overridden for particular packages with the Sealed
in a manifest entry.