Preparing to Use a ResourceBundle
Trail: Internationalization
Lesson: Isolating Locale-Specific Data

Preparing to Use a ResourceBundle

Identifying the Locale-Specific Objects

If your application has a user interface, it contains many locale-specific objects. To get started, you should go through your source code and look for objects that vary with Locale. Your list might include objects instantiated from the following classes:

You'll notice that this list doesn't contain objects representing numbers, dates, times, or currencies. The display format of these objects varies with Locale, but the objects themselves do not. For example, you format a Date according to Locale, but you use the same Date object regardless of Locale. Instead of isolating these objects in a ResourceBundle, you format them with special locale-sensitive formatting classes. You'll learn how to do this in the Dates and Times section of the Formatting lesson.

In general, the objects stored in a ResourceBundle are predefined and ship with the product. These objects are not modified while the program is running. For instance, you should store a Menu label in a ResourceBundle because it is locale-specific and will not change during the program session. However, you should not isolate in a ResourceBundle a String object the end user enters in a TextField. Data such as this String may vary from day to day. It is specific to the program session, not to the Locale in which the program runs.

Usually most of the objects you need to isolate in a ResourceBundle are String objects. However, not all String objects are locale-specific. For example, if a String is a protocol element used by interprocess communication, it doesn't need to be localized, because the end users never see it.

The decision whether to localize some String objects is not always clear. Log files are a good example. If a log file is written by one program and read by another, both programs are using the log file as a buffer for communication. Suppose that end users occasionally check the contents of this log file. Shouldn't the log file be localized? On the other hand, if end users rarely check the log file, the cost of translation may not be worthwhile. Your decision to localize this log file depends on a number of factors: program design, ease of use, cost of translation, and supportability.

Organizing ResourceBundle Objects

You can organize your ResourceBundle objects according to the category of objects they contain. For example, you might want to load all of the GUI labels for an order entry window into a ResourceBundle called OrderLabelsBundle. Using multiple ResourceBundle objects offers several advantages:

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